Current Environmental Issues that Our Planet is Facing

Population explosion (1)

There is no denying fact that our environment is constantly changing so does the need to become aware of the problems surrounding it such as change in warming and cooling periods, weather pattern changes, massive influx of natural disasters and much more. As we are indiscriminately using our natural resources and fail to manage our waste, environmental condition is heading towards much worst. The events of heat waves, glaciers melting, floods have been extreme during past few years.

Our environmental condition is deteriorated to such an extent that its effect can be seen on our daily life and yet we are not concerned to save ourselves from its effects. Due to pollution, different types of natural calamities, extinction of many species create imbalance to food chain.

It is also true that only human beings are responsible for polluting environment.

Here I have listed some megatrends which present major global threats for planet earth-problems that must be solved if the world is to remain a supportive habitat for humans and other species.

Population explosion: The first and foremost emerging problem in the world is population explosion. Increased population growth results in overexploitation of our natural resources indiscriminately posing negative effect on environment and its vital elements such as air, water, fuel, food etc. Intensive agriculture to meet the requirement of food are also damaging  environment through use of chemical fertilizer, insecticide and pesticide.

Global Warming and Climate change: Huge carbon dioxide production due to increased human activities resulted in climatic changes like Global warming. Global warming leads to rising of earth surface temperature causing melting of polar ice caps, rise of sea level and unnatural patterns of natural calamities like flood, drought , change in seasons and occurrence of new diseases.

Waste Disposal: Production of an excessive amount of waste (Including nuclear waste) and garbage and its disposal into oceans, open places has tremendous health hazards. At present situation is so dangerous that not only the land area but also the sea land area is highly polluted posing harmful effects to human beings and sea living species. Mismanagement of industrial waste is the main reason for area and water pollution.

Deforestation: Destruction of forest results in increase concentration of carbon dioxide in our environment that create several types of natural disaster every year. At present frequency of disaster are increasing per year causing irrecoverable economical loss and destruction of thousands of human lives.

Not only do natural forests act as biodiversity reserves, they are also carbon sinks keeping carbon out of the atmosphere and oceans.

Urbanisation and Industrialisation: Due to increase population and need of workplace huge amount of residential area and industries are growing everywhere. The ever growing demand of land displaces natural environment consisting of flora and fauna instead of being replaced. Now a days excessive industrial set up is the main cause for air and water pollution.  A proper management of industrial growth can provide us a better output for our economy and environment.

Genetic Engineering:  Genetic modification of organism and food using biotechnology is called genetic engineering. Genetic modification of food results in increased toxins and diseases as engineered genes become dominant and resistant to antibiotics.

Invention of new viruses are now a common phenomenon. As we all have heard about Ebola virus and Jika viruses, at first are created in nature and then predominate in human body and took several lives.

Loss of biodiversity and species extinction: Human activity is leading to the extinction of species and habitats. The loss and destruction of habitat are major factors contributing to a wave of extinction of species. For example recently the death of last male northern white rhino was all over news and social media.

These species inherently deserve to exist, they also provide product and services essential to human survival.

Few mindful people are focused how we can save our planet in 2050 or how we are going to escape it and colonize another world before earth becomes inhabitable. Maybe they are getting too far and have to focus on something else. If we work hard on new technologies and change our daily lives routine and movements that have power to save the world before its too late.

There are still so many things that we can do to put a dent in what we have already done. By raising awareness through social media, advertisement, verbal communication in local community with family members, friends about the environmental issues, you can contribute to a more environmental friendly and vigilant place for you to live.

Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s need but not every man’s greed: Mahatma Gandhi

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Eco-friendly Options When You Decide to Go Green

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In last few years term eco-friendly and go green have become buzz words on every commercial, product ads, listing of houses and vacation homes. The simplest way to define being eco-friendly is having a lifestyle focused on not creating harm to the environment and prevent as much harm occurring to it through our interactions and help conserving resources like water and energy.

It’s important to become environment friendly because not only shifting to sustainable lifestyle is good for planet but also beneficial for human health, budget and life quality. For this reason, we should take step to greenify our surrounding and daily life as soon as possible.

Here are tips below to tweak your lifestyle environment friendly if you are short on ideas:

1. Say no to plastic: plastic bottles and bags are everywhere, every year there are more and more filling up our oceans and landfills. To cut household plastic waste try to opt for paper bags, cotton bags, reusable and recyclable bottles, furniture’s, containers etc.

2. Conserve water: fix leaking pipes, close the running tap while you brush your teeth, use RO waste water for mopping, cleaning bathrooms.

3. Conserve Energy: Few simple ways like turning off lights when not in use, using maximum day light, purchasing energy efficient gadgets. Try renewable energy twist for example install a small solar power plant on your roof for additional power supply (electricity may still be the mainstream), switch to solar water heater, its benefit will not be only for environment but for finances also.

4. Change Travel habits: try car pool, use public transport instead of private vehicles, if your office is near ride a bicycle instead of car, get your car serviced whenever necessary.

5. Say no to Littering: one of the ways to keep our surrounding and environment clean is to stop littering. Instead put trash and garbage in dustbins.

6. Plant trees: don’t cut them unless it’s necessary and plant small trees around your home, educate others about its positive aspects.

7. Go paperless: 35% of landfill sites consists of paper waste. Going paperless is an option that will cause an average person little hardship. So, be digital it will not only protect what remains of our forest but is a cheaper option overall.

8. 3R’ of waste hierarchy: (reduce reuse and recycle) can reduce the amount of waste generated and improve the waste management process.

Other potential solutions are cordially invited

I gave you Life now it’s your turn to reciprocate- Earth

CARBON FOOTPRINT- Time To Act

A ‘carbon footprint’ is a measure of the total set of GHG(Green House Gases) emissions caused directly and indirectly by an individual, organisation, product, activity or group of activities. The most important green house gas produced by anthropogenic activities is CO2 hence got the name “Carbon Fooprint”. Anthropogenic activities include impacts on biophysical environments, biodiversity, and other resources.

To show all emissions in a single number Carbon footprints are measured in tonnes of CO2 equivalent or CO2e. The “equivalent” means footprint is made up of a number of different greenhouse gases(CH4, Nox, SOX,CFCs etc.). Usually a carbon footprint is calculated for the time period of a year.

Now the question is Why work out a carbon footprint?

  • As a result of growing public awareness of global warming.

  • To identify which activities contribute the most to a footprint (in order to identify the important areas for reduction efforts).

  • For minimising or reducing the footprints (in order to achieve the target it is necessary to know what current emissions are).

    Here are a few suggestions regarding actions that could be taken to reduce emissions . Appropriateness of actions will depend on specific country and social circumstances. Readers will need to determine which actions are applicable to their own environments.

Being energy efficient doesn’t mean going without a warm and well-lit home or making big sacrifices. Many energy efficiency measures are low cost and even save money. Whether on a large-scale, or at the individual level, there are many opportunities to save energy. For ex.

a) Switch off the lights when you don’t need them.

b) Use energy-saving light bulbs.

c)Do not leave appliances on standby. (uses about 40% of its energy in standby mode)

d) Unplug the mobile charger when you are not using it. (It has been estimated that 95% of the energy is wasted when we leave the charger plugged)

e) Conserve household water (by using the purifier water in household chores like cleaning, gardening we can save litres of water per day per person)

f) Reuse your shopping bag

g)Choose products that come with little packaging.

h) Try one of the following ways: cycling, walking, car-pooling, public transport to get to work or school. (On average, for each litre of fuel burnt in a car engine, more than 2.5 kg of CO2 are produced)

i)Don’t speed- because speeding uses more petrol and emits more CO2. (Driving faster than 120 km per hour increases fuel consumption by 30% compared with driving at 80 km per hour.)

j)Avoid short car journeys

k)Switching to low carbon fuels such as solar energy, nuclear power avoiding coal and gas fired power to electricity.

It’s time to act; save the planet Earth