Exposure to Urban Air pollution Affect Growing Fetus

image

Nothing else can produce the joy , love an incomparable feeling that Motherhood allows. Being a mother is the most beautiful emotion in the world. It is something that has to be felt and can never be described in the words.

When baby comes to a women’s life starting from day first she came to know about her pregnancy, she tries to keep baby happiness and well being ahead of her own. Being a mom I understand that for our babies we do everything to keep them healthy and safe.

My motive of writing this article is to provide information how little negligence can affect developing fetus. As we all know pollution affects are indeed many and wide ranging. There is no doubt that excessive level of pollution are causing a lot of damage to human, animal health and environment.

Many of us already would be aware of fact that air pollution exposure to expectant mother’s can affect growing baby’s lungs and respiratory system but our concern doesn’t stop here.

The evidence that air pollutants can alter chromosomes in womb is troublesome since other studies have validated  this type of genetic alteration. Exposure to high level of pollution in  womb may lead to a type of DNA damage associated with ageing called telomere shortening.

What are Telomere? Telomeres are the caps at the end of each strand of DNA that protect our chromosomes like the plastic tip at the end of shoelaces. Without telomeres DNA strands become damaged and our cells can’t perform their functions.Telomere length represents our biological age. Scientific studies have confirmed the strong connection between short telomeres and cellular aging.

Affects of telomere shortening? Causes age related breakdown of cells and linked with cancer, heart disease and premature death and also contribute to behavioural and cognitive problems later in childhood. “An individual’s telomere length at birth is known to influence their risk for disease decades later during adulthood,” said Deliang Tang , Professor at the Columbia University  in the US.

Ways to minimise the risk of exposure:

  • to be moms can’t easily change the place where they live or work but can avoid directly inhaling exhaust (PAHs) from cars on busy streets or smoke from fireworks.
  • pay attention to the outdoor air quality warnings. if there is warning in your area stay indoors.
  • air quality is worse in the afternoon.  refrain from any physical activity at that time or plan for alternate times.
  • avoid areas of burning fuels.
  • use mask wherever possible.
  • talk to your doctor if you live in high risk area.

even the reduction of exposure from moderately high to moderate level would have a positive effect on developing fetus.

There is need of policymakers at central, state, local level to take appropriate steps to protect our children from these avoidable exposures.

“No one saves us but ourselves. No one can and no one may. We ourselves must walk the path.” ― Gautama Buddha

Advertisements

Let the Future breathe

155782966

Tuesday 17 January The Supreme court warned that the problem of air pollution is very serious and solutions need to be found urgently, rather than in year.

According to WHO survey 90% of world is breathing bad air, silently killing more than 6 million a year, which is more than 11.6% of all global deaths. In general 9 out of 10 people globally are breathing poor quality air and Delhi ranks the 11th most pollluted city in the world.

Recent air pollution data derived from satellite imagery suggests that the severe levels of particulate matter seen in Delhi are also found throughout the 22 districts of the National Capital Region (NCR). These findings raise alarm about potentially serious adverse effects on the health and livelihoods of NCR residents outside of Delhi. Air pollution levels in other Indian cities such as lucknow , Varansai have been equally extreme in recent days. It emphasised that the country needs stronger measures, plans, coherent policies and its implementation to cut back the air pollution sources as air pollution moves across borders and cant be contained.

The green body said that India’s pollution levels have been rising at an “alarming” rate as coal consumption almost doubled and oil consumption increased 60 per cent from 2005 to 2015. The situation goes worst as most of the cities in India lack real time monitoring means government is unable to warn the inhabitants about the rising pollution so that they can prevent themselves. We can conceive its severity from a analysis which says “India’s air is more deadly than china”.

Most effected category from rising pollution level are childrens. With every breath, they are suffering. Due to their physiology as they breathe twice as fast as adults taking in more pollutants adversely effecting the growth rate and immune system.

I can only hope that time for talking would be over soon and there will be stringent actions and its implementation.

The greatest threat to our planet is the belief that someone else will save it- robert swan