According to the data released by WHO (world health organisation) in Geneva, 14 Indian cities are among the world’s 20 most polluted in terms of PM 2.5 concentration.
Here is some points to this big story:
9 out of 10 people breathe air containing high level of pollutants.
7 million people die every year from exposure to polluted air.
14 Indian cities are in the list of 20 most polluted cities of the world includes New Delhi, Gurgaon, Kanpur, Gwalior, Gaya, Varanasi, Patna, Agra, Faridabad, Muzaffarpur, Srinagar, Jaipur, Patiala and Jodhpur.
Ambient air pollution caused around 4.2 million deaths in 2016.
Household air pollution from cooking with polluting fuels and technologies caused an estimated 3.8 million deaths in the same period.
In New Delhi, levels of the most dangerous particles in the air are sometime 10 times higher than the safe limit.
What is PM 2.5? Particulate matter are microscopic solid or liquid matter suspended in earth’s atmosphere. Its subtypes include SPM (suspended particulate matter), coarse particles with a diameter between 2.5 µm and 10 µm and PM (Particulate matter), fine particles with a diameter of 2.5 µm or less.
Health implications? Due to their smaller size possess ability to penetrate deep into lungs and blood streams unfiltered causing permanent DNA mutations, heart attacks, asthma, bronchitis and other respiratory problems. It can also lead to premature death from heart and lung diseases.
How to reduce exposure to PM 2.5? here i am listing few steps which can reduce exposure.
When outdoor PM 2.5 are elevated, going indoors may reduce exposure.
Avoid activities such as Burning candles indoors or open burning outdoors that produces fine particles.
Avoid strenuous activity in areas where PM level is high.
Use air purifier equipped with HEPA (high efficiency particulate air filter) which can remove fine particles from air. (If its affordable).
I must say government are making efforts to fight air pollution for example India’s Pradhan Mantri Yojna an initiative to safeguard the health of women and children has provided 37 million women living below the poverty line with free LPG connections to support them to switch to clean household energy use.
Comprehensive Action Plan (CAP) specifically meant for Delhi and Delhi NCR to reduce vehicular emissions and control dust from constructions. But to combat pollution such plan should be implemented across the country.
This is a national public health crisis and we need “ serious” efforts, plan, and stringent action all over the country.
There is urgent need to ensure clean environment and healthy living as millions of lives in peril.
if we want to stop this invisible killer there should be a big step at the government level declaring war on air pollution.
Pollution-If you don’t kill it, it will kill you.
Like, comment, share if read.