In recent times climate change has become an acute threat to human existence and livelihood. Increasing incidences of climate change impacts such as floods, heatwaves, droughts, natural calamities are not only fatal to human and animal lives but also causing severe economic losses. Its on of the things that is most noticeable in everyday life.
According to scientists due to global warming, there will be an increased likelihood of extreme weather condition events. In India some regions are experiencing these changes already which are manifested in various forms including flood and record setting heat waves.
Now a days Heavy rains and floods have once again brought many parts of the country to standstill. More than 1000 people have died in the flood across India this monsoon and death toll may rise with flood water. According to the United Nations report , at least 41 million people in Bangladesh, India and Nepal have been directly affected by flooding and landslides resulting from the monsoon rains which begin in June and last until September. In Delhi Itself an alert has been issued by the government after the water level of Yamuna river crossed the danger mark.
Similarly, around 1500 people died due to intense heat wave this year. It was one of the worst bouts of hot weather for several years. Report said, this year the heatwave continued for a longer period than in previous years and temperatures were 2-5 degrees higher than the seasons average.
Poring over centuries scientific investigation and study its clear that Humans are responsible for most of the climate changes we have seen over the last few decades. When humans burns coal, natural gas and other fuels for producing electricity, transportation a considerable amount of green house gases are released into the atmosphere. Landfill sites, deforestation are some other factors which adds green house gases into the atmosphere there by causing the atmosphere to warm more with its many repercussions such as glacier melting, El nino etc.
Human activities are disturbing the earth balance which result into shifting of the seasons themselves.
In India more than half of the population directly and indirectly dependent on agriculture and fisheries for their income and unfortunately this sector is directly dependent on weather conditions. Unpredictable weather causes great distress on agriculture and pushing farmers into debts, poverty and also the main reason for their suicide.
Extreme climate change is an urgent threat to humanity that demands conclusive, prompt action. It happens without notice and occur in a manner we can not control so its important for us to be prepared for any kind of problem.
A healthy planet and stable climate aren’t political issues. It should be a combined effort and now its time to get everyone on board and pledge to follow a simple rule in life “reduce, reuse and recycle” and enjoy life more.